患有遺傳性橫膈疝氣Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia新生兒是否能存活,可用HRV來預測

Heart Rate Variability as an Indicator of Outcome in Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia With and Without ECMO Support

Journal of Perinatology (2004) 24, 247–251. doi:10.1038/sj.jp.7211079 Published online 11 March 2004

M Terese Verklan PhD1 and NikhilPadhye PhD1

1University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, School of Nursing, Systems and Technology, Houston, TX, USA

Correspondence: M. Terese Verklan, PhD, School of Nursing, Systems and Technology, University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, 1100 Holcombe Boulevard, Suite 5.518, Houston, TX 77030, USA

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To examine differences in the spectral power content in neonates diagnosed with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) who survive or succumb.

STUDY DESIGN: A case-series study design evaluated four neonates diagnosed with CDH, two of which were supported by extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO). The electrocardiogram signal was digitized at 1000 Hz and the Lomb periodogram was computed for the series of interbeat intervals.

RESULTS: Neonates with CDH who survived had log total power values greater than 2. Those with CDH who did not survive had log total power less than 2, but generally exceeded 3 while they were supported by ECMO.

CONCLUSIONS: Neonates who consistently displayed increasing total spectral energies had a better outcome than those whose spectral energies were low. Subjects who succumbed expressed the lowest values, suggesting that a frequency-based evaluation of HRV may be a sensitive prognosticator of outcome that requires further investigation.