嬰兒飛機運送期間噪音與震盪都會引起心理壓力,其中噪音會顯著提高心跳,而震盪則相反;運送後之HRV較運送前高;研究資料還顯示生理狀態較佳的嬰兒其心跳及HRV均較高

Sound and vibration: effects on infants' heart rate and heart rate variability during neonatal transport.

Acta Paediatr.  2012; 101(2):148-54 (ISSN: 1651-2227)

Karlsson BM; Lindkvist M; Lindkvist M; Karlsson M; Lundström R; Håkansson S; Wiklund U; van den Berg J
Department of Clinical Sciences, Umeå University, Sweden. bjorn.karlsson@vll.se

AIM: To measure the effect of sound and whole-body vibration on infants' heart rate and heart rate variability during ground and air ambulance transport.

METHODS: Sixteen infants were transported by air ambulance with ground ambulance transport to and from the airports. Whole-body vibration and sound levels were recorded and heart parameters were obtained by ECG signal.

RESULTS: Sound and whole-body vibration levels exceeded the recommended limits. Mean whole-body vibration and sound levels were 0.19 m/s(2) and 73 dBA, respectively. Higher whole-body vibration was associated with a lower heart rate (p < 0.05), and higher sound level was linked to a higher heart rate (p = 0.05). The heart rate variability was significantly higher at the end of the transport than at the beginning (p < 0.01). Poorer physiological status was associated with lower heart rate variability (p < 0.001) and a lower heart rate (p < 0.01). Infants wearing earmuffs had a lower heart rate (p < 0.05).

CONCLUSIONS: Sound and whole-body vibration during neonatal transport exceed recommended levels for adults, and sound seem to have a more stressful effect on the infant than vibrations. Infants should wear earmuffs during neonatal transport because of the stress-reducing effect.